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Easter Around the World

Lesson plan

Цель: способствовать повышению мотивации учащихся в обучении английскому языку, их культуры, развитию кругозора и толерантности.

Задачи:

развивающие: развить навыки чтения и устного перевода, развить способность к творчеству;

обучающие: дать новую информацию о традициях празднования Пасхи в Англии, научить сравнивать, практиковать в выполнении письменных упражнений;

воспитывающие: воспитать уважительное отношение к обычаем и традициям собственного народа, воспитать терпимое отношение к обычаем и традициям другого народа.


Today we're going to speak about a very important day in the lives of people of different nationalities and religions – Easter.

This year Easter fell on 4 April 2010


Say anything that comes to your mind in connection with Easter.

Do you celebrate Easter in your family?

How do you help to get ready for the celebrations?

How do you colour eggs?


You mentioned EGGS… They are a very important part of the holiday, aren't they?

So today we shall hunt for eggs – go egg hunting.


What is the first place to look for eggs?

Hen-house!

Let's open it and see what the hens have prepared for us.

They have laid words for us!


What is Easter?


  • Easter is the oldest and the most important Christian Festival, the celebration of the death and coming to life again of Jesus Christ.

  • At Easter time in the UK, people have two bank holidays (public holidays) when even banks are closed: Good Friday and Easter Monday. This means that many families can enjoy a long weekend together.
  • Over Easter schools close for two weeks and pupils have Easter holidays. Many families go away on holiday for the Easter weekend. A traditional and still very popular holidays are taken at holiday camps.



Where does the name 'Easter' come from?

The English word "Easter" comes from the word "Eostre". The Anglo-Saxon word for April was "Eostre-monath" (the month of openings). The month was named after the Anglo-Saxon goddess Eostre.


What is the Easter story?

Easter is the story of Jesus' last days in Jerusalem before his death.




I believe, we need to visit the hen-house once more.


Holy Week is the week before Easter, commemorating events in the last days of Jesus' life on Earth. It begins on Palm Sunday and ends on Easter Monday.


Special Days in Holy Week.

Palm Sunday the day Jesus arrived in Jerusalem.

Holy Thursday (Maundy Thursday) Last Supper and the betrayal by Judas.

Good Friday (Holy Friday) the arrest, trial, crucifixion, death and burial of Jesus Christ.

Holy Saturday the Sabbath on which Jesus rested in the grave.


Let's speak about these days in detail.


What is Palm Sunday?

The Sunday before Easter is known as Palm Sunday. Palm Sunday is the sixth and last Sunday of Lent and the beginning of Holy Week.

Palm Sunday celebrates Jesus' arrival in Jerusalem for the Jewish festival of Passover (Еврейская пасха). Great crowds of people lined the streets waving palm branches to welcome him.


What happens on Palm Sunday in England?

On Palm Sunday, children are given crosses made from palm leaves. Traditionally, many churches will have a procession in or around the church while people sing songs of praise (хвалебные песни) and wave palm leaves.


When is Palm Sunday?

What does it celebrate?

What do children get on Palm Sunday?



In Russia???


What is Maundy Thursday?

Maundy Thursday - also called Holy Thursday is the feast or holy day on the Thursday before Easter that commemorates the Last Supper of Jesus Christ with the Apostles.

The Last Supper

On this day, Christians remember the Last Supper. During the meal Jesus took bread and wine and shared them with his pupils. During the Last Supper, Jesus washed his pupils' feet.

The night of Maundy Thursday is the night on which Jesus was betrayed by Judas in the Garden of Gethsemane.


What is Maundy Thursday?

What do Christians remember on this day?

Maundy Thursday Ceremony

In Britain today, the Queen follows a very traditional role of giving Maundy Money to a group of pensioners. The tradition of the Sovereign giving money to the poor dates from the 13th century, from the reign of Edward I.

Every year on this day, the Queen attends a Royal Maundy service in one of the many cathedrals. 'Maundy money' is distributed to male and female pensioners near the Cathedral where the Service takes place.

The Service

Yeomen of the Guards carry the Maundy Money in white and red leather purses on golden trays on their heads.

What is Maundy Money?


Maundy coins are specially maid for the occasion and, as they are produced in such limited numbers, they are much sought after by collectors.

A complete set of Maundy money consists of:

What is Good Friday?

Good Friday is the Friday before Easter Sunday. On this day, Christians remember the day when Jesus was crucified on a cross. Some Christians fast (go without food) on Good Friday. Churches are not decorated on Good Friday. It is traditional to eat warm 'hot cross buns' on Good Friday. The pastry cross on top of the buns symbolises and reminds Christians of the cross that Jesus was killed on. The buns were traditionally eaten at breakfast time, hot from the oven. It is traditional to eat fish on Good Friday instead of meat.

Hot Cross Buns

People eat hot cross buns at Easter. There were cross buns in England first in the world. These small sweet cakes contain raisins and candied fruit. Before baking, they cut a cross on the top of the bun. After that, they put sugar into the cross.


What happens on Easter Sunday today?

Christians gather together on Easter Sunday for a Sunrise Service. This service takes place on a hill side so everyone can see the sun rise.

Easter Presents

The traditional Easter gift is a chocolate egg. For Christians the custom of giving eggs at Easter celebrates new life. The first eggs given at Easter were bird eggs. These eggs were painted in bright colours. We still paint bird eggs today but usually only chicken eggs.

In the 20th century, a chocolate version of the traditional painted egg was developed.

Chocolate eggs are given to children. The eggs are either hollow or have a filling, and are usually covered with brightly coloured silver paper.

Around 80 million chocolate eggs are eaten each year in Britain.


Easter cards

Easter cards arrived in Victorian England, when a stationer added a greeting to a drawing of a rabbit. The cards proved popular.


Easter Egg Customs

In the UK, people have many Easter Customs involving eggs:

Egg rolling

Egg rolling is very popular in England and is an Easter Monday sport. Hard-boiled eggs are rolled down a hill. Egg rolling" is an old Easter game, traditionally played on Easter Monday. Children roll eggs down a grassy slope and the first egg to reach the bottom without breaking is the winner. If the eggs reach the bottom without breaking it is said to bring good luck.

Egg Jarping (Egg Tapping)

Another activity that takes place on Easter Day is the playing of a game with the eggs known as "jarping". Players tap their opponents' eggs until one breaks. The winner goes through to the next round, and so on until there is only one egg left unbroken.

Egg hunting

Easter eggs – The Easter Bunny

In the UK people give eggs to each other at Easter. Nowadays, they usually give chocolate-made ones, but some years ago they dyed the eggs in various colours and patterns. Children hunt for the eggs that are in the garden or inside their home, because the Easter Bunny hides them as a present.

In the UK children believe that if they are good, the "Easter Bunny” will leave (chocolate) eggs for them.


What do people give to each other at Easter in the UK?

Why do children hunt for the eggs?

Easter Monday, another UK Public Holiday, has little religious significance but is the occasion for numerous secular customs.





Special Food at Easter

After fast weeks of Lent, food at Easter was always a special treat.

Easter day, like Christmas day, is also associated with special food.

Boiled eggs are traditionally served at breakfast, then Easter cards and gifts may be exchanged.

Roast lamb, which is the main dish at Jewish Passover, is the traditional meat for the main meal on Easter Day. It is served with mint sauce and vegetables.

The traditional Easter pudding is custard tarts sprinkled with currants and flat Easter biscuits.

Simnel cake is baked for tea. The Simnel cake is a rich fruitcake covered with a thick layer of almond paste (marzipan).

Eleven balls of marzipan are placed around the top to represent the eleven true disciples (excluding Judas).

Easter symbols.

They are the cross, the lamb, eggs and Easter rabbits.

The cross. It represents Christ’s victory over death.

The lamb. Jesus was known as the Lamb of God (агнец божий). At one time, the Jews sacrificed a lamb during a Passover festival, and early Christians adopted this as a sign of Christ’s sacrifice on the cross. Lamb is now a traditional Easter meal, and cookies and cakes are often made in the shape of a lamb for Easter.

eggs represent new life.

Easter Rabbits. British children believe that the Easter bunny brings Easter eggs and hides them for finding on Easter morning.

Long ago in Germany there lived an old, loving woman who adored children. Each year she would give children gifts to celebrate spring. One year she had nothing to give because it was a bad year and she had become very poor. All she had were some eggs. She did not want to disappoint the children, so quickly before they arrived for their gifts, she coloured the eggs and hid them in the grass.


When the children arrived, she told them to run out into the lawn to find their gifts hiding there. Of course, the children ran into the yard in search of their surprise. Just as one of the children uncovered the eggs, a large rabbit hopped away. So the children thought that the rabbit had left the eggs for them! And ever since, children have searched for the eggs left by the Easter rabbit on Easter morning. It is called the Easter Egg Hunt.


Easter Around the World

Easter in Russia

In Russia Christians go to church late on Easter Saturday night. At midnight they go out and walk around the outside of the church singing songs. The priest knocks on the door and everyone goes in to celebrate the resurrection of Jesus. The priest blesses the people's food and they return home to have a happy feast.

It has been a custom to give friends and family brightly decorated eggs at Easter time, exchanged with the happy saying, "Christ is risen". Over a hundred years ago a jeweler called Faberge began making beautiful Easter eggs out of gold, silver, diamonds and other precious stones. The first one was ordered by Tzar Alexander III in 1885. All in all he created 54 Easter eggs. 45 eggs still exist.

They eat lamb, chicken, pork, bread, and Easter cake. Easter Sunday is a happy day of eating and visiting.


Easter in Canada

Самое большое в мире пасхальное яйцо находится в Вегревилле (Канада)

На территории Канады, в местечке Вегревилль, расположенном к востоку от Эдмонтона и населенном, в основном, этническими украинцами, находится самое большое в мире пасхальное яйцо: его длина - 8, а ширина - 5 м. Эта «писанка» весом около 2270 кг сделана из обломков самолетов. Она поворачивается по ветру, как гигантский флюгер, и видна за многие километры. Обхватить этот шедевр можно лишь вдвадцатером, а разбить - разве что тяжелой артиллерией. Однако же, самым замечательным в нем, по-видимому, является то, что при его изготовлении не пострадал ни один цыпленок.


Easter in the USA
Families get together for a festive dinner. One of the most popular Easter customs is that of wearing new clothes on Easter Sunday. In New York City many people display their new outfits as they stroll along Fifth Avenue in the famous Easter Parade.

A famous egg-rolling contest takes place on the lawns of the White House in Washington DC, every Easter Monday.

Easter in Australia.

Кроме религиозного празднования в крупных городах в пасхальные выходные обязательно проходят огромные ярмарки, на которые съезжаются люди со всей страны. Самая большая ежегодная ярмарка Австралии - Royal Easter Show (Королевское пасхальное шоу) – проходит в Сиднее именно в это время. Изначально сельскохозяйственная выставка, сегодня Sydney Royal Easter Show прославляет буквально все – от незыблемых исторических ценностей Австралии до мобильности городской жизни.


На праздник родители обязательно покупают детям Easter Show Pack - пакет с несколькими игрушками, набором карандашей, блокнотиком, открыткой и т.п., и все это с изображением какого-нибудь мультяшного персонажа. А также - много сладостей. В Австралии, как и везде в мире, очень популярны пасхальные яйца – из шоколада или сахара. А вот символ этого праздника – не традиционный пасхальный кролик, но местный зверек билби.


Утром в пасхальный понедельник австралийцы завтракают сладкими горячими булочками, так называемыми Hot Cross Buns. Пасхальный понедельник является официальным выходным днем в Австралии, поэтому многие ее граждане могут преспокойно отправиться в церковь.


Easter Egg Hunt (task1):

Unscramble the words:

GEGS

IHED

ARBIBT

OHCCLOTAE

OCDERTAE

KSBAET

KCIHSC

The key:

1. EGGS

2. HIDE

3. RABBIT

4. CHOCOLATE

5. DECORATE


6. BASKET

7. CHICKS


Вам нужно как можно больше слов составить из букв слова ‘EASTER’. У вас есть 5 минут. За работу!


FINGERPLAY RHYME

Easter Bunny, Easter Bunny,
(Put hands on top of head like rabbit ears.)


Small and white,
(Hold hands close together to show something tiny.)


Come and fill my Easter basket
(Pretend to fill basket.)


Источники:

projectbritain.com

wikipedia.org