Заполните пропуски в тексте, выбрав из предложенных слов и выражений, подходящие по смыслу: architecture, artists, centered, enforced, European, foreign, invasion, palace, rule, traditions A. The course of Russian art and 1_____________________ reflects the country’s contacts with, and isolation from, other 2______________________ and cultures. Initially, when political life was 3______________________ around Kiev, Byzantine art and architecture provided the norms, but this tie was disrupted by the Mongol (Tatar) 4___________________. Liberation from Mongol 5____________________ by the theocratic and semi-Asiatic rulers who resided in the Kremlin 6______________________ in Moscow did not bring with it any close 7_____________________ connections, and Russia never experienced the European Renaissance. Beginning with the 8______________________ Westernization under Peter I, however, Russian 9______________________ and architects were strongly influenced by the 10______________________ mainstream. collapse, contributions, creative, culture, developed, freedom, obligatory, peak, school, traits B. Among the distinctive 1______________________ of Russian artistic expression have been exuberant colour, rich ornamentation, asymmetry of form, and a taste for both literal representation and abstraction. Religious art, which reached its 2______________________ during the 1400s, predominated until the late 17th century. The 19th century realist movement 3______________________ into an inward-looking Russian nationalist 4______________________, consciously challenging Western style and content. This introspection, however, encouraged the 5______________________ outburst of the early 20th century, when the Russian avant-garde made pioneering 6______________________ to modern Western art and architecture. During the 1930s the Stalinization of 7______________________ imposed isolation, and the Russian realism of the preceding century served as the model for the 8______________________ official Soviet style, enforced through an elaborate network of state controls. The 9_____________________ of the Communist system and the disintegration of the USSR in 1991 gave Russian artists and architects new 10____________________ of expression, association, and unlimited contacts with the rest of the world

A1 architecture2 traditions3 centered4 invasion5 rule6 palace7 foreign8 enforced9 artists10 EuropeanB1 traits2 peak3 developed4 school5 creative6 contributions7 obligatory8 culture (?)9 collapse10 freedom

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